Skip to main content

Incentivizing Housing Production: State Laws from Across the Country to Encourage or Require Municipal Action

Cover image of Incentivizing Housing Production. Terner Center, Urban Institute, HCRC logos. Author names

Authors: Shazia Manji, Truman Braslaw, Chae Kim, Elizabeth Kneebone*, Carolina Reid | TERNER CENTER

Yonah Freemark | URBAN INSTITUTE

This paper from the Terner Center and Urban Institute presents new tools to better understand how states have approached driving local action on housing production. Incentivizing Housing Production: State Laws to Encourage or Require Municipal Action develops a new typology to classify these approaches—from plans and state standards to carrots and sticks—and applies that typology to the first nationwide database of 144 pro-housing laws. The paper finds that laws often employ more than one policy lever or goal, and that many laws were iteratively developed over multiple legislative sessions.

Read the full paper Incentivizing Housing Production here.

Find a summary blog post here.



*Note: Prior to publication, Elizabeth Kneebone transitioned to the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. The views expressed in this report do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or the Federal Reserve System.

Related Articles

New Pathways to Encourage Housing Production: A Review of California’s Recent Housing Legislation

In this brief, we interview planners and land use lawyers to gain an early understanding about the extent to which…

Regulations and Land Use

2023 Legislative Preview: Will New Faces and Budget Constraints Change Housing Focus in Sacramento?

UPDATE: Since the legislative bill deadline, a number of additional housing ideas have been put forth by legislators by amending…

Photo of California capitol building in Sacramento
Regulations and Land Use

San Diego’s Success in Spurring Missing Middle Housing: The Accessory Dwelling Unit Bonus Program

Over the last several years, the State of California has undertaken several policy initiatives to spur the creation of missing…

Rendering of residential neighborhood with small 3-story apartment building behind single-family home.
Regulations and Land Use

California’s HOME Act Turns One: Data and Insights from the First Year of Senate Bill 9

The California HOME Act—otherwise known as Senate Bill (SB) 9—took effect on January 1st, 2022 and makes it possible for…

Regulations and Land Use