Articles & Other Publications

Housing in Sweden: An overview

Author: Mark Trainer

Description: This this policy brief provides background information on the Swedish housing system and how it compares to the American context.  Despite foundational differences in approach, the United States and Swedish housing systems share many key challenges with much to learn from each other. The memo is separated into two components: the first section covering the overall Swedish housing market chronicling its evolution and key tenets and the second section delving into the country’s housing construction sector with a focus on modular building practices.


Comparison of Swedish and United States Housing Systems

Author: Mark Trainer

Description: This document provides an overview of the key similarities and differences between the housing systems in Sweden and the United States.


Leveraging More-Precise Governmental Support To Ensure the Middle Doesn’t Go Missing

Publication: Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research, Volume 19, Number 1 (2017), Office of Policy Development and Research, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Author: Carol Galante

Excerpt: Housing stability is a key driver of economic stability and mobility. More than ever before, millions of middle-income Americans living in high-cost regions are struggling to access homes they can afford. Ineligible for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) or Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Programs because they earn too much, and with market-rate rent and home prices increasingly out of reach, this population—consisting largely of firefighters, nurses, teachers, and other members of the workforce—is falling through the cracks.


Addressing California’s Housing Shortage: Lessons from Massachusetts Chapter 40B

Publication: Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law, Volume 25, Number 2 (2017), American Bar Association Forum on Affordable Housing and Community Development Law

Authors: Carolina K. Reid, Carol Galante, and Ashley F. Weinstein-Carnes

Excerpt: California, particularly in its coastal cities, is facing a housing affordability crisis. Median rents across the state have increased 24 percent since 2000, while at the same time median renter household incomes have declined 7 percent. While multiple factors contribute to these rising rents, it is clear that supply matters, and there is an urgent need to expand supply in equitable and environmentally sustainable ways.


Expanding Housing Supply in California: A New Framework for State Land Use Regulation

Publication: Journal of Case Study Research: A Publication of the Center for California Real Estate, Volume 1, Issue 1 (Summer 2016), Center for California Real Estate

Authors: Carol Galante and Carolina Reid

Abstract: State action is required to resolve the impasse between the need to expand supply and local resistance to new development; therefore, it is time for California to adopt a state-level framework that facilitates the production of housing in areas that align with economic, environmental, and equity goals. Under the status quo, both NIMBYs (Not In My Back Yard) and special interests use the entitlement process to prevent housing development – particularly infill, multi-family, and subsidized housing – from being built. Arguably, these are precisely the types of development we should be promoting to achieve environmental and equity goals. Improving the certainty and cost efficiency of development projects will show the state is serious about expanding supply, and "by right" legislation in particular offers a compelling approach to expanding California’s supply of affordable housing. A second, complementary approach is to establish a state-level appeals process for qualified development projects.